Wireless Sensor Network Projects with Source Code

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Earlier only traditional networks were utilized to connect various devices, but due to advancements in the modern scientific world any type of smart gadgets or devices can be connected through the wireless interfaces. Irrespective of the numerous heterogeneous types of networks present within the vast networking sector, WANs, LANs and WSNs are the main categories. 

The interaction with the several billions of devices is made possible in the modern world through the usage of networks. It offers a method for learning about certain details of things present in the environment. The knowledge in the networks and other related topics can certainly improve your career, smarten your way of thinking and progress your networking skills.

Top Wireless Sensor Network Projects with Source Codes

Also read : Wireless Sensor Network Projects Topics

Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs)

Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is a network of sensors which is capable of communicating or transferring data in the wireless mode based on an ad hoc design. The WSNs are capable of monitoring any surrounding environment and give accurate and trusted information. Hence, WSNs are employed to measure various natural conditions like wind, temperature, humidity, sound and pollution.

WSNs can even communicate or transfer data to neighbouring nodes and other servers due to the wireless nature. Due to such benefits of WSNs, they are applied to a wide range of applications such as industries, healthcare and wherever remote monitoring is required.

Classification of Wireless Sensor Networks 

Wireless Sensor Networks are classified into five different categories based on the environment where the WSNs are employed. The different categories of WSNs are:

  • Terrestrial WSNs

  • Underground WSNs

  • Underwater WSNs

  • Multimedia WSNs

  • Mobile WSNs 

Terrestrial WSNs

As the name suggests, terrestrial WSNs are placed above the ground level. Normally thousands of WSNs are employed either in structured or unstructured manner so that numerous base stations can communicate with each other effectively.

Underground WSNs

Underground WSNs are similar to the Terrestrial WSNs but differ by the fact that the former is deployed below or under the ground level. The cost of underground WSNs are comparatively more than the terrestrial WSNs due to the costs for deployment, maintenance, planning etc.

Underwater WSNs

Around 70% of earth’s surface is covered with water bodies. Hence it is necessary for these kinds of underwater WSNs to gather important information from the water bodies. Underwater WSNs are present in the form of vehicles or any other type of sensor nodes.

Multimedia WSNs

Multimedia WSNs are utilised for the monitoring and tracking of various multimedia formats like image, audio and video.

Mobile WSNs 

The category of WSNs that are capable of moving on their own for interacting with the surrounding environment is known as Mobile WSNs. They are easily known as MWSNs. 

Top WSN Applications

Some of the top applications of WSNs that are used in the day to day activities are listed below such as:

  • Monitoring and surveillance of theft activities.

  • Monitoring the wildlife behaviour and surrounding environment.

  • Remote Prediction of the patient’s health condition.

  • Monitoring the operation of smart city and building models.

  • Managing the quality of water and preserving it.

  • Detecting and controlling the level of pollution in air.

  • Managing the disasters occuring everywhere around the earth.

Significant Components of WSNs to Progress Wireless Sensor Projects

It is very important for the WSNs to include certain components to aid the sensing of the environment effectively. These significant components of WSN are listed below:

  • Controller

  • Transceiver

  • External Memory

  • Power Source


Microcontrollers are commonly used as controller which is responsible for controlling the overall functioning.


Transceiver is responsible for the receiving and transmitting of the sensed data.

External Memory

To receive or transmit sensed data demands some important blocks. Riding the tasks, storing sensed data locally. For e.g., Flash Memory.

Power Source

Supplies power for all sensor tasks. For e.g., Batteries.

In simple terms, a sensor consists of all the above components to perform the tasks. In recent times, sensors have become smarter by including the newest techs too.

Also read : CSE Projects

Challenges under WSN

  • Resource-Constrained Nature of Motes

  • Lack of Security and Privacy

  • Data Corruption due to Wireless Channel

  • Geographical Distribution of Sensors

  • Sensor Holes because of energy consumption

  • Lack of Mobility Support and Management

  • Reliability, Responsiveness, and also Scalability

The above mentioned challenges existing under WSNs are helpful to the students wishing to do WSN based projects. 

Why to do Wireless Sensor Network Projects with Source Codes?

The field of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) is developed very much and is of great scope for the students who have knowledge in the WSNs. It is capable of reshaping the career opportunities of students  and research motivations of research scholars. WSNs are ap[plicable to every nook and corner around the world and the importance of WSNs can be seen through the bare eyes. Hence final year students doing Wireless Sensor Projects with Source Code can gain both practical as well as the coding knowledge.

Important Metrics in Wireless Sensor Network  Applications

Some of the important metrics considered in the applications of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are listed below:

  • Communication Reliability

  • Network Tolerance

  • Communication Range

  • Communication Security

  • Communication Throughput

  • Node Robustness

Source Coding

The process of encrypting or encoding the details through the usage of fewer bits than the bits taken for the actual representation is source coding in the field of computer science and information technology.

Source Coding can be done by three different ways such as:


  • Python

  • NS2


MATLAB (an abbreviation of "MATrix LABoratory) is a proprietary multi-paradigm programming language and numeric computing environment developed by MathWorks. It was designed by Cleve Moler and made its first appearance in the late 1970s. The heart of MATLAB is the MATLAB language, a matrix-based language allowing the most natural expression of computational mathematics. MATLAB allows matrix manipulations, plotting of functions and data, implementation of algorithms, creation of user interfaces, and interfacing with programs written in other languages. As of 2020, MATLAB has more than 4 million users worldwide. They come from various backgrounds of engineering, science, and economics.


Python is a high-level, interpreted, general-purpose programming language developed by Python Software Foundation. It was designed by Guido van Rossum and made its first appearance on February 20, 1991. Guido van Rossum began working on Python in the late 1980s as a successor to the ABC programming language and released the first Python as v 0.9.0. Its design philosophy emphasises code readability with the use of significant indentation. Python is dynamically-typed and garbage-collected. It supports multiple programming paradigms, including structured (particularly procedural), object-oriented and functional programming. It is often described as a "batteries included" language due to its comprehensive standard library. Python consistently ranks as one of the most popular programming languages.


NS2 stands for Network Simulator Version 2. It is an open-source event-driven simulator designed specifically for research in computer communication networks. 

Network Simulator (Version 2), widely known as NS2, is simply an event-driven simulation tool that has proved useful in studying the dynamic nature of communication networks. Simulation of wired as well as wireless network functions and protocols (e.g., routing algorithms, TCP, UDP) can be done using NS2. In general, NS2 provides users with a way of specifying such network protocols and simulating their corresponding behaviours.


The importance of doing Wireless Sensor Network Projects with Source Code is elaborated in the article. The introduction about the WSNs, its types, applications, components, challenges, etc are explained. Then the type of source coding is also explained. FInally the top projects in Wireless Sensor Network with Source Code are listed.

Final year projects