Any Electrical Engineering student needs to complete his/ her project in the third or final year, without which the degree will not be awarded. When talking about Electrical projects, we can’t leave out the possible project areas or domains in which the projects can be implemented. So, we have discussed the top 5 Project Domains for Electrical Engineering students in this article along with the top 10 interesting Electrical engineering-based projects.
What projects to do as an Electrical Engineering student?
Whenever an electrical engineering student needs to decide about the project that is to be done, he/ she needs to select the domains on the basis of their strength, area of interest, and guidance given to them by their concerned Project investigator. Before selecting the domain, the students need to know the basics of projects in Electrical Engineering. The project in electrical engineering usually comprises the investigation of various electrical or electronics equipment like UPS, Turbines, Motors, Induction Generators, Microgrids, Nano grids, Power Distribution Systems (PDS), Voltage controllers, speed controllers, Oscillation suppressors, Rectifiers, and Converters, etc. When you want to select your projects for electrical engineering, you need to be aware of some project domains to start with.
Top 5 Project Domains for Electrical Engineering students
The following are the most chosen electrical engineering-based projects:
Power System is a popular sub-domain that is chosen by many electrical engineering students as their project domain. These power systems are mostly concerned with the creation, distribution, transmission, and deployment of electric power. It also includes the electric apparatus that have been integrated into such systems. These kinds of projects could be implemented on induction generators, DC-DC typed converters, controllers, wind turbines, and many more.
Power Electronics is another project domain that is concerned with the utilization of solid-state electronics for controlling and converting electric power depending on our requirements. These kinds of projects could be implemented on rectifiers, bridgeless converters, AC-DC typed converters, 3-phase converters, inductors, and many more.
The communication systems are usually capable of delivering the required signal or data from one system to another system by the utilization of mutually comprehendible semiotic rules and signs. These kinds of projects could be implemented associated with the following: MIMO systems, mutual coupling, layer security, relay selection, and many more.
The wireless networks are deployed to reduce the cost of laying the cable for data transmission. Instead, these wireless networks make use of alternatives like sensor devices. These kinds of projects could be implemented on Zigbee, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), Bio-gadgets, and many more.
The most popular project topic that many students including the researchers take on is Embedded systems. It is a computer-operated system that has been designated with a specific functionality inside a bigger electrical as well as a mechanical system. These kinds of projects could be implemented associated with the following: Smart systems based on WSNs, energy storage systems, data-stream intervention systems, and many more.
Also read : Mini Projects for Electrical Students
Top 10 Projects for Electrical Engineering Students
Though many projects based out of the Electrical Engineering domain are possible, we discuss a few projects for electrical Engineering in the below sub-headers.
An active Fault Current Limiting in the networked microgrids could possibly sort out the issues of all the fault currents because of superior usage of Microgrids on Utility Grids (UG). The main issue that will be maintained is the low voltage in Microgrids. This Active Fault Current Limitation might be done in three steps, depending upon the requirement.
In solar grid-based inverter applications, there are most common issues like harmonic reduction, neutral point balancing, and switching. For the redressal of neutral point balancing in the DC application of the solar operating system, a novel type of Hysteresis current control SVPWM-Space vector pulse width modulation (HSVM) could be used on the input side of the inverter.
In the Switched Reluctance Motors (SRMs) based drive system, the speed controlling needs to be done for the sake of sorting out the start-up speed issue. For regulating the speed, a novel switching technique that is capable of desaturation proportional and variable proportional could be adopted. Flaw threshold segmentation could also be applied for enabling the SRM drive system to compare with other regulators.
In the wind turbine, novel types of controlling approaches could be utilized for achieving the multi-tasking process of the nano-grids. Various parameters to consider for controlling are as follows: maintenance of the quality of power in both the DC-sides and AC-sides, Maximization of power that is getting generated from the wind turbine, and avoiding the distortion due to the non-linear loads, etc.
In D-STATCOM Integrated PDS, Sliding Mode Control comprising the function of Riemann-Liouville could be deployed for sorting out the issues like fluctuations in voltage, unbalanced load situations, and several other complexities in the grid.
In the application of a cascaded H-inverter, the power compensation accuracy could be maintained by using the Decoupling Feed-Forward Current Vector Controllers. The evaluation of the performance of this system could be investigated with the help of MATLAB.
The performance of the reduced switch ANPC inverter could be improved and evaluated with the deployment of the Shunt Active Power Filter for yielding an improved boosting capability and reduced switching losses.
In a double fed wind power generation system, a properly locked loop suppression strategy could be deployed for avoiding the sub-synchronous oscillations, thereby stabilizing the system. The suppression strategy might then be simulated and verified.
The controlling of harmonic voltage might be done in a distributed generation system for avoiding the non-linear loads, achieving adaptability toward renewable resources, and then sort out all the power quality-related issues.
With the help of Vienna rectifiers, the stabilization of Electrical Vehicle charging plants could be ensured by maintaining its voltage. Superior performance characteristics with quick responsive charging plants for Electrical Vehicles (EVs) could be achieved.
Also read : IEEE Projects for Electrical Engineering
Additional topics for Electrical-based Projects
In addition to the above 10 projects for electrical students, we also give you additional topics for caring out your projects, which are as follows:
Support for Electrical-based Projects
Though many projects based on Electrical Engineering could be easily taken up, the implementation of some sophisticated electrical systems will require the expertise of many technical parameters and an understanding of the variety of hardware. Thus, not all the students can complete their electrical projects as some of the students lack the expertise in many technical parameters and a deeper understanding of several involved hardware.
As a result, they are left with the only option of consulting with the experts of such electrical systems, who can help those students to implement the required system for getting their degree without any hustle. So, the electrical students have to come up with the less sophisticated tech in their project if they wish to implement and complete their electrical projects.